Thermal strainer: soon measures against the rental of poorly insulated housing?
Poorly insulated housing generates significant energy consumption. A thermal strainer is a housing with poor insulation with a large consumption of heating or excessive air conditioning. It increases theenergy bill and involves additional expenses. It is also called energy-intensive housing.
Thermal strainer results in wasted energy
To identify the overconsumption of the home, we must first look at the date of construction of the home. Namely that before 1949, the techniques of construction and thermal insulation were very little developed. In 1975, the first regulations appeared with law n ° 74 - 908. The dwellings built between 1949 and 1975 are the dwellings with thermal strainers.
In a second step, it is necessary to carry out a DPE, Diagnosis of Energy Performance . This will estimate energy consumption and gas emissions. A mandatory process during a real estate sale. If the diagnosis is in class F or G, work is to be planned for the sale or the owners will have to pay large transfer rights.
A new law against these thermal strainers
On June 28, 2019, new measures were adopted to encourage and force the renovation of thermal strainers and in particular to penalize owners. These measures will take effect in the years to come which becomes new constraints for the owners.
For example :
- In 2021, the owner of a thermal strainer will be banned from increasing the rent
- In 2022, he is obliged to carry out an energy audit and to inform tenants or new owners in order to then carry out the work at his expense.
- In 2028, all housing must be in energy class E at least even after work.
A little more than one in ten homes is affected by this problem. This new law affects homes for which the DPE energy classification is F or G, i.e. 7 million homes according to a study in 2017 in France. It is a major issue in terms of the environment and social justice.