Eco-districts, for sustainable cities
At a time when ecology and sustainable development have taken a considerable place in our daily life, homes are not left on the sidelines with eco-districts which are increasingly talked about. In 2016, more than 39 eco-districts were identified in France. Where are we today and what are the future prospects and objectives for these neighborhoods? Let's take stock of the situation.
An eco-district: what is it?
The eco-district is a label which has grown considerably in northern Europe and which is increasingly attracting large French agglomerations. The objective is to look at how the city of the future is made: we focus on major aspects of construction to orient them towards ecology. This concerns both town planning, energy consumption, waste management and biodiversity.
To benefit from this label, development projects must adapt to the entire territory and respect the fundamental principles of sustainable development and in particular energy savings.
The eco-district will then fundamentally transform the habitat as we know it today with the aim of creating a real village in the city. This initiative should educate residents to live in a healthier and more environmentally friendly environment.
Thanks to this initiative, the territories benefit from a new dynamism which makes it possible to promote both responsible and solid management of energy resources with the aim of coping with long-term climate change.
How important are eco-districts in France?
The French state has given itself a major challenge since by the year 2018, the objective is to reach 500 eco-districts (against 39 in 2016).
If we take the example of the city of Strasbourg, the stake is considerable since it is necessary to extend the urban renewal to the building constructions of the working-class districts. They were built in the 1960s to 1970s and had thermal and sound insulation not very conducive to energy savings. We must therefore completely rethink these neighborhoods by integrating nature and making sustainable development more accessible in homes.
Building an eco-district does not always mean betting on new things: it is a label that also extends to the renovation of living structures and the movement of inhabitants in urban space.