The ecological bonus-malus system soon to be applied to housing
The tax system applied since 2008 to vehicles will soon extend to housing. Indeed, the principle of the law passed in 2007 following the Grenelle de l'Environnement will soon extend to housing, which will have to be renovated within 10 years, that is to say before 2025.
Not all dwellings are affected by this change in the law, but only dwellings whose DPE (Energy Performance Diagnosis) label corresponds to classes F and G.
Concretely, the owner, whether he rents his home, or occupies it as his main or secondary residence, will have to have the energy consumption of his home diagnosed to be applied, i.e. a bonus if the result of the diagnosis complies with the objective, i.e. a penalty, if the result is below the expected minimum. It remains for the competent authorities to set up the expected objectives and minima, which will be applied and which will serve as a basis for calculation; as well as the amounts of these bonuses.
Long-term energy bill reduction targets.
The purpose of this system will be to promote renovation work, particularly in old housing, but also, in the longer term, to lower the energy consumption of French housing.
It should be remembered that the ecological bonuses in the automotive sector have made it possible to rejuvenate the French car fleet, but also to reduce the emissions of French vehicles by 20%, from 150g of CO2 / km in 2007 to 115g of CO2 / km in 2014.
Remember that the French emit on average one tonne of CO2 per year in the residential sector, which represents a little less than 20% of the total CO2 released each year, the rest of the emissions being produced mainly by transport and industry ( respectively 1.90t / inhabitant / year and 1.10t / inhabitant / year).