Towards COP 22 in Marrakech
The Paris conference (COP 21) ended on December 12, 2015 with an international agreement hailed as historic. The series of “COPs” (“Conference of Parties”), which began in 1992 with the Rio summit, did not end with this success, however. In November 2016, the COP 22 will take place in Morocco, in Marrakech. This new international meeting is already announced as the "Action Conference", following the decisions taken in Paris. The choice of Morocco for this COP 22 also reflects the real efforts of the kingdom in favor of the environment, making Morocco one of the most ecological countries in the world.
COP 22 in Marrakech will be the operational translation of the Paris Agreements
The Paris conference ended with a series of spectacular and ambitious announcements, entitled “Paris Agreements”: limiting global warming to 1.5 ° by the end of the century, massive economic aid for the countries of the industrially less developed southern hemisphere, or the obligation of public communication of the results obtained by each nation. The challenge of these announcements is therefore to apply them in practice.
The Deputy Minister in charge of the Environment, Mrs. Hakima El Haité, indicated in the wake of the COP 21 that she wanted to translate the results of the Paris conference into concrete actions: if this was the occasion for "decisions", COP 22 will be “the conference of action”. This continuity is illustrated by the Paris - Marrakech Plan, responsible for “developing operational tools” to implement the agreements adopted in Paris. Announced from November 7 to 18, the Marrakech conference "will focus on mitigating the effects of climate change and innovation in adaptation", according to Ms. Hakima El Haité.
King Mohammed VI had already committed before COP 21 in September 2015 to develop international work in favor of sustainable development. On the occasion of a visit by President François to Hollande in Tangier, the King of Morocco signed the Tangier Appeal with the latter, "for strong and united action in favor of the climate". At the inauguration of COP 21 on November 30, 2015, King Mohammed VI renewed his desire for action, declaring that it is "in Africa, continent of the future, that the future of our planet will be played out. ".
Morocco at the forefront of sustainable development
In terms of environment and sustainable development, Morocco is seen as an excellent student. Already the organizer of COP 7 in 2001, the kingdom committed well before COP 21 to limit its greenhouse gas emissions, reducing them by 13% by 2030, compared to 2010.
At the same time, Morocco has invested in a daring sustainable development program, with the objective for 2030 of producing its electricity using more than half (52%) of “green” energies, called renewable, and non-polluting. . According to the uncompromising NGO Climate Action Tracker, Morocco ranks as the fourth most ecological country in the world, behind Bhutan, Costa Rica and Ethiopia.
On the ground, this goodwill has resulted in the construction of a gigantic solar power plant in southern Morocco near Ouarzazate, named Noor ( "light"), 7th plant of this type in the world. Built on an area of 480 hectares at a cost of 800 million euros, Noor is equipped with 500,000 cylindrical-parabolic mirrors distributed in the shape of a snail, capable of producing 160 MW of electricity.
The solar power station is however only the beginning of a pharaonic project managed by the Moroccan Agency of Solar Energy. Two other thermodynamic solar power plants ( Noor II and III ) and another photovoltaic are included in the plans of the Moroccan Solar Energy Agency over an area of 2,500 hectares, ie a capacity exceeding 500 MW. Ultimately, the Noor project will constitute by far the largest solar complex in the world.